Cover image for War on peace : the end of diplomacy and the decline of American influence / Ronan Farrow.
Title:
War on peace : the end of diplomacy and the decline of American influence / Ronan Farrow.
ISBN:
9780393652109
Edition:
First Edition.
Publication Information:
New York, NY : W.W. Norton & Company, [2018]

©2018
Physical Description:
xxxiii, 392 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations ; 25 cm
Contents:
Prologue: mahogany row massacre -- The last diplomats -- Shoot first, ask questions never -- Present at the destruction -- Epilogue: the tool of first resort.

Prologue: Mahogany Row massacre -- Part I: The last diplomats. American myths ; Lady Taliban ; Dick ; The mango case ; The other Haqqani network ; Duplicity ; The frat house ; Mission: impossible ; Walking on glass ; Farmer Holbrooke ; A little less conversation ; A-Rod ; Promise me you'll end the war ; The wheels come off the bus ; The memo ; The real thing -- Part II: Shoot first, ask questions never. General rule ; Dostum: he is telling the truth and discouraging all lies ; White beast ; The shortest spring ; Midnight at the ranch -- Part III: Present at the destruction. The state of the Secretary ; The mosquito and the sword ; Meltdown -- Epilogue: The tool of first resort.
Abstract:
The journalist and former U.S. State Department official explores the decline of American diplomacy and traditional statecraft, the abdication of global leadership, and how the work of peacemaking has been taken over by the military-industrial complex.

"A harrowing exploration of the collapse of American diplomacy and the abdication of global leadership. US foreign policy is undergoing a dire transformation, forever changing America's place in the world. Institutions of diplomacy and development are bleeding out after deep budget cuts; the diplomats who make America's deals and protect its citizens around the world are walking out in droves. Offices across the State Department sit empty, while abroad the military-industrial complex has assumed the work once undertaken by peacemakers. We're becoming a nation that shoots first and asks questions later. In an astonishing journey from the corridors of power in Washington, DC, to some of the most remote and dangerous places on earth--Afghanistan, Somalia, and North Korea among them--acclaimed investigative journalist Ronan Farrow illuminates one of the most consequential and poorly understood changes in American history. His firsthand experience as a former State Department official affords a personal look at some of the last standard bearers of traditional statecraft, including Richard Holbrooke, who made peace in Bosnia and died while trying to do so in Afghanistan. Drawing on newly unearthed documents, and richly informed by rare interviews with warlords, whistle-blowers, and policymakers--including every living secretary of state from Henry Kissinger to Hillary Clinton to Rex Tillerson--[this book] makes a powerful case for an endangered profession. Diplomacy, Farrow argues, has declined after decades of political cowardice, shortsightedness, and outright malice--but it may just offer America a way out of a world at war."--Dust jacket.
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Summary

Summary

US foreign policy is undergoing a dire transformation, forever changing America's place in the world. Institutions of diplomacy and development are bleeding out after deep budget cuts; the diplomats who make America's deals and protect its citizens around the world are walking out in droves. Offices across the State Department sit empty, while abroad the military-industrial complex has assumed the work once undertaken by peacemakers. We're becoming a nation that shoots first and asks questions later.In an astonishing journey from the corridors of power in Washington, DC, to some of the most remote and dangerous places on earth--Afghanistan, Somalia, and North Korea among them--acclaimed investigative journalist Ronan Farrow illuminates one of the most consequential and poorly understood changes in American history. His firsthand experience as a former State Department official affords a personal look at some of the last standard bearers of traditional statecraft, including Richard Holbrooke, who made peace in Bosnia and died while trying to do so in Afghanistan.Drawing on newly unearthed documents, and richly informed by rare interviews with warlords, whistle-blowers, and policymakers--including every living former secretary of state from Henry Kissinger to Hillary Clinton to Rex Tillerson--War on Peace makes a powerful case for an endangered profession. Diplomacy, Farrow argues, has declined after decades of political cowardice, shortsightedness, and outright malice--but it may just offer America a way out of a world at war.


Author Notes

Ronan Farrow is an American investigative journalist, lawyer, former government advisor, television anchor, writer, and makes documentaries for HBO. He was born in New York City in 1987. His writing has appeared in The Wall Street Journal, The New York Times, and The Washington Post. His reporting helped The New Yorker win the 2018 Pulitzer Prize for public service, along with The New York Times. His other awards include the George Polk Award, and the National Magazine Award, among other commendations. He is the author of War on Peace: The End of Diplomacy and the Decline of American Influence.

(Bowker Author Biography)


Reviews 2

Publisher's Weekly Review

War has eclipsed diplomacy as the main instrument of U.S. foreign policy with dire consequences, according to this searching exposé of a crumbling State Department. New Yorker journalist Farrow, a former State Department official, examines the decadeslong waning of the department's clout as its budgets were slashed and its diplomatic counsels ignored by presidents who pursued military solutions to global crises. The results, he argues, were disastrous. The U.S. backed brutal warlords in Afghanistan and rejected possible settlements with the Taliban; sponsored a counterinsurgency that killed countless civilians in Colombia; in Somalia supported warlords and an Ethiopian invasion against a relatively innocuous Islamic regime, sparking Islamist terrorism; and, in the Trump era, struggles with the damage from presidential policy-by-tweet. Farrow blends analysis with vivid reportage (his portrait of Afghan warlord Ahmed Rashid Dostum, in a palace furnished with reindeer, shark tank, and Christmas lights, is classic); his firsthand recollections of State Department icons, such as the brilliant, blustering Richard Holbrooke, make diplomacy feel colorful and dramatic rather than gray and polite. Farrow doesn't quite demonstrate how diplomacy would succeed in quagmires like Afghanistan, but his indictment of the militarization of American foreign policy is persuasive. Photos. (Apr.) © Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.


New York Review of Books Review

in 2010, just before Thanksgiving, American foreign-policy makers flew into a panic. The United States government had gotten word that an outfit called WikiLeaks was preparing to release an enormous cache of secret diplomatic cables, in coordination with teams of journalists from this and other newspapers. At the time, I was a policy hand in the State Department. It fell to me and my colleagues to dutifully craft apologies on behalf of our bosses, whose sensitive communications and private insults - speculation about, say, a foreign leader's mental aptitude or mysterious wealth - were about to become public. They, meanwhile, confronted weightier concerns, scrambling to anticipate the coming fallout. Would missions and sources be compromised? Would activists be exposed to persecution? Would anyone ever talk to American officials again? Almost no one, however, anticipated what would prove to be one of the more lasting consequences of the leak: surprised admiration for American diplomats. "My personal opinion of the State Department has gone up several notches," the British historian and journalist Timothy Garton Ash wrote. He compared one veteran ambassador's prose to Evelyn Waugh's, and deemed other analyses "astute," "unsentimental" and "hilarious." Beneath their "dandruffy" exteriors, he concluded after browsing the classified offerings, these diplomats were sharper, and funnier, than they looked. Ronan Farrow aims to achieve a similar effect in "War on Peace." At a time when the Trump administration has called for gutting the State Department's budget and filled foreign-policy jobs with military officers, Farrow draws on both government experience and fresh reporting to offer a lament for the plight of America's diplomats - and an argument for why it matters. "Classic, old-school diplomacy," he observes, is "frustrating" and involves "a lot of jet lag." Yet his wry voice and storytelling take work that is often grueling and dull and make it seem, if not always exciting, at least vividly human. A Foreign Service officer's hairstyle is "diplomat's mullet: peace in the front, war in the back"; an Afghan strongman's choice of decor is "warlord chic." With his knack for getting on-the-record access - he recently shared a Pulitzer Prize for his New Yorker reporting on Harvey Weinstein's abuses - Farrow managed to interview every living secretary of state, up to and including Rex Tillerson. In a sense, Farrow is telling a story with a well-known ending but a surprise beginning. Much has been made of Trump's disregard for diplomats. But the disproportionate flow of resources to military and intelligence solutions has been going on much longer, at least since 9/ 11. "In many of America's engagements around the world," Farrow argues, "military alliances have now eclipsed the kind of civilian diplomacy that once counterbalanced them, with disastrous results." He traces those results through fights over Afghanistan strategy, as well as through less prominent policy debates - like the case of a massacre by an American-backed Afghan militant (currently serving as his country's vice president). At the heart of Farrow's book is the time he spent as an aide to the legendary diplomat Richard Holbrooke, then a special representative working on Afghanistan and Pakistan while longing for a bigger job. Recounting his arrival at the State Department early in the Obama administration, Farrow offers himself as the ingenue, poised for an education in the ways of Washington. (Farrow and I served in the department at the same time but never worked together directly.) What followed was part "West Wing," part "Veep." His job interview with Holbrooke began in a fluorescent-lit office, continued into an elevator and a meeting with the secretary of state, then into a taxi, then into a bathroom. "What about negotiations with the Taliban?" Holbrooke asked while urinating, Farrow just outside the door. Holbrooke was a larger-than-life figure, by his own willful design. "There were reminders of his view of our place in history everywhere," Farrow notes of their offices. By that point, Holbrooke's place in history was already assured, thanks to his success in negotiating the Dayton peace agreement that ended war in Bosnia a decade and a half earlier. But he was intent on earning at least one more entry, by repeating a version of that diplomatic feat with the deteriorating American war in Afghanistan. To that end, he was "grasping, relentless" and "oblivious to social graces in the pursuit of his goals." When Farrow defied an instruction, Holbrooke erupted into a tirade - "I know you think you're special. I know you think you have a destiny" - that ended only when an assistant started weeping. Yet he also inspired total devotion in a staff of acolytes, making them equally relentless in pursuit of his goals. One part of Farrow's education was prosaic. The biggest obstacle to Holbrooke's ambitions, for himself and his diplomacy, was that the president and senior White House aides just didn't like him. "Beneath the sweep of history," Farrow reflects, "was a small human struggle, of ego and age and fear." So in an administration that promised to privilege diplomacy over force, philosophical convergence was undercut by personal animosities. Farrow shares the view of other Holbrooke advisers that their key diplomatic aim - peace talks with the Taliban - got short shrift in overall strategy as a result. Ultimately, all policymaking is personal. When Holbrooke died suddenly in December 2010, his heart giving out after months of punishing travel, progress toward those talks had barely begun. But Farrow sees the rift as about more than just personalities. Holbrooke's sidelining, in Farrow's analysis, was of a piece with a more general sidelining of diplomacy amid a continuing "militarization of foreign policy." Holbrooke "had spent his final days alarmed at the dominance of generals in Obama's Afghanistan review," Farrow writes. Under Trump, this phenomenon expanded "almost to the point of parody." The problem with "militarization" is not that military leaders are especially intent on using force. In fact, they are often more reticent than their civilian counterparts to resort to it. (For recent examples, look at debates over military action in Iraq and Libya.) Secretary of Defense James Mattis's line - "If you don't fully fund the State Department, then I need to buy more ammunition" - has been endlessly (and fruitlessly) quoted to the Trump White House over the past year. The distortions are more subtle. Even when a stated policy aims to balance diplomatic and military concerns, how the message is delivered matters. If the diplomatic piece comes via a State Department official who arrives alone, flying coach and rolling a suitcase, and the military piece comes via a uniformed officer who arrives in his own airplane, with an entourage and a package of security assistance, it's not hard to guess which is likely to come through more clearly to foreign leaders. And if investment in diplomatic tools is erratic and inadequate, those tools lose their effectiveness, giving policymakers little choice but to resort to military alternatives. Farrow lays out the vicious cycle: "American leadership no longer valued diplomats, which led to the kind of cuts that made diplomats less valuable. Rinse, repeat." Yet real as these dynamics are, Farrow's account of them comes with some omissions that skew the broader picture. Even while Holbrooke's push was stalled, other diplomatic processes were just getting underway, against long odds. Only in the final pages, in the context of Trump's threats to dismantle the Iran deal, does Farrow get into the years of diplomacy that yielded that agreement. He similarly has little to say about the other diplomatic accomplishments of the Obama years - the opening to Cuba, the Paris climate accords - let alone the diplomatic efforts that ultimately failed. (Remember the Russia reset?) Those omissions are in themselves telling, since they reflect a deeper challenge that reinforces the dynamics Farrow deplores. Even the most towering diplomatic achievements are at best partial victories; what look like necessary compromises at the negotiating table become ripe targets for political attack when diplomats come home and present uncertain promises and half-measures to a public that prefers silver bullets and sweeping principles. Reflecting on the Iran deal, one of the great career American diplomats of recent years, William Burns, reminds Farrow that "diplomacy was always going to produce something short of a perfect solution." Americans rarely appreciate imperfect solutions, at least until they're gone. ? daniel kurtz-phelan is the executive editor of Foreign Affairs. His new book is "The China Mission: George Marshall's Unfinished War, 1945-1947."


Table of Contents

Prologue: Mahogany Row Massacrep. ix
Part I The Last Diplomats
1 American Mythsp. 3
2 Lady Talibanp. 7
3 Dickp. 15
4 The Mango Casep. 21
5 The Other Haqqani Networkp. 32
6 Duplicityp. 38
7 The Frat Housep. 46
8 Mission: Impossiblep. 53
9 Walking on Glassp. 68
10 Farmer Holbrookep. 78
11 A Little Less Conversationp. 84
12 A-Rodp. 99
13 Promise Me You'll End The Warp. 111
14 The Wheels Come Off The Busp. 126
15 The Memop. 137
16 The Real Thingp. 144
Part II Shoot First, Ask Questions Never
17 General Rulep. 155
18 Dostum: He Is Telling The Truth and Discouraging all Liesp. 164
19 White Beastp. 203
20 The Shortest Springp. 222
21 Midnight At The Ranchp. 237
Part III Present at the Destruction
22 The State Of The Secretaryp. 257
23 The Mosquito And The Swordp. 268
24 Meltdownp. 279
Epilogue: The Tool Of First Resortp. 295
Acknowledgmentsp. 311
Notesp. 315
Indexp. 377