Cover image for Growing urban orchards : how to care for fruit trees in the city and beyond / by Susan Poizner.
Title:
Growing urban orchards : how to care for fruit trees in the city and beyond / by Susan Poizner.
ISBN:
9781570673528
Edition:
[New edition].
Publication Information:
Summertown, Tennessee : GroundSwell Books, 2017.

©2017
Physical Description:
111 pages : colour illustrations ; 24 cm
Holds:
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Summary

Summary

Fruit trees are delicate and need specialized care, especially when they're planted in an urban environment, which comes with its own unique challenges. Whether you want to plant a single fruit tree or an entire orchard, this book will show you how to save time and money and be successful right from the start. A professional orchardist, Susan Poizner guides novices and experts alike through every step of the process. She describes which key elements are necessary in site preparation and offers a basic overview of the anatomy of fruit trees. Susan also explains how to select trees and covers critical concerns, such as cross-pollinating versus self-pollinating trees, bare-root versus potted trees, and whether the fruit will be for eating, cooking, or canning. Thorough instructions are provided for planting and staking, as well as how to care for both young and mature trees. From assessing soil to selecting the right fertilizer, from pruning trees to choosing the proper tools, and from boosting biodiversity to preventing pests and diseases, no leaf is left unturned. This vast wealth of knowledge is accompanied by illustrations and color photos, along with inspiring stories of orchards and tree farms.


Table of Contents

Part 1 Introduction
Chapter 1 Discovering Urban Orchardsp. 3
Chapter 2 Selecting Your Sitep. 7
Site Preparationp. 8
Orchard Inspiration: Walnut Way, Milwaukee WIp. 10
Chapter 3 Parts of a Fruit Treep. 13
Blossoms and Fruitp. 13
Buds and Leavesp. 16
Rootsp. 18
Trunk and Barkp. 20
The Grafted Treep. 22
Understanding Grafting: The Story of the McIntosh Applep. 23
Part 2 Selecting, Planting and Caring for Your Tree
Chapter 4 Selecting Your Fruit Treesp. 25
Hardinessp. 26
Disease Resistancep. 26
Tree Sizep. 27
Cross-Pollinating Fruit Treesp. 27
Self-Pollinating Fruit Treesp. 27
Staggering the Harvestp. 28
Eating, Cooking or Canningp. 28
Heirloom Treesp. 28
Orchard Inspiration: Community Orchard Research Project. Calgary. AB.p. 30
Native Treesp. 31
Nut Treesp. 31
Ordering Trees in the Fall for Springp. 31
Bare Root Versus Potted Treesp. 32
Inspecting Your New Treep. 32
Types of Fruitp. 33
Chapter 5 Planting Your Treep. 35
Planting a Bare Root Treep. 36
"Whipping" the Treep. 38
Staking a Treep. 38
Planting a Potted Treep. 39
Chapter 6 Caring for Your Treep. 41
Young Tree Carep. 42
Wateringp. 42
Feedingp. 44
Mulchingp. 44
Removing the Baby Fruitp. 44
Pruningp. 44
Weedingp. 45
Mouse Guardsp. 45
Mature Tree Carep. 45
Irrigation for Older Treesp. 45
Thinning the Fruit for Older Treesp. 45
Orchard Inspiration: The Sharing Farm Society, Richmond BCp. 47
Part 3 Feeding, Pruning and Protecting Your Tree
Chapter 7 Feeding Your Treesp. 49
What is Soil?p. 50
Assessing Your Soilp. 51
Soil Texturep. 51
Soil pH and Nutrientsp. 51
Orchard Inspiration: Strathcona Community Garden, Vancouver, BCp. 52
N-P-K Labelsp. 54
Mulching and Adding Organic Matterp. 54
Adding Nitrogenp. 56
Soil Testingp. 60
Choosing Amendmentsp. 61
Organic Versus Synthetic Fertilizersp. 62
Chapter 8 Pruning Your Treesp. 65
Why Do We Prune?p. 66
When to Prunep. 66
Toolsp. 67
Approachesp. 67
Pruning Cutsp. 68
Pruning Young Treesp. 69
Pruning after the Third Yearp. 72
Pruning Out Diseasep. 73
Pruning an Established Treep. 74
Pruning Hygienep. 74
Pruning Peaches and Nectarinesp. 74
Orchard Inspiration: Training Orchard Stewards at City Fruit, Seattle, WAp. 76
Chapter 9 Preventing Pests and Diseasep. 79
Boosting Biodiversityp. 80
Insect Deterrentsp. 81
Monitoring your treesp. 82
Protective Spraysp. 83
A Few Common Diseasesp. 88
A Few Common Pestsp. 89
Orchard Inspiration: Piper's Orchard, Seattle, WAp. 90
The Holistic Approachp. 92
Part 4 The Harvest
Chapter 10 Anticipating the Harvest
Orchard Inspiration: Not Far From The Tree, Toronto, ONp. 98
Part 5 Resources and Links
Resources and Linksp. 101
Bibliographyp. 107
Glossaryp. 108
Acknowledgementsp. 110