Cover image for Migrant, refugee, smuggler, savior / Peter Tinti and Tuesday Reitano.
Title:
Migrant, refugee, smuggler, savior / Peter Tinti and Tuesday Reitano.
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ISBN:
9780190668594
Publication Information:
New York : Oxford University Press, [2017]

©2017
Physical Description:
xv, 331 pages : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm
Abstract:
When states, charities, and NGOs either ignore or are overwhelmed by movement of people on a vast scale, criminal networks step into the breach. This book explains what happens next.
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Summary

Summary

Migrant, Refugee, Smuggler, Savior investigates one of the most under-examined aspects of the great migration crisis of our time. As millions seek passage to Europe in order to escape conflicts, repressive governments, and poverty, their movements are enabled and actively encouraged byprofessional criminal networks that earn billions of dollars.Many of these smugglers carry out their activities with little regard for human rights, which has led to a manifold increase in human suffering, not only on the Mediterranean Sea, but also along the overland smuggling routes that cross the Sahara and penetrate deep into the Balkans and the hiddencorners of Europe's capitals. Yet some smugglers are revered as saviors by those they move, for it is they who deliver men, women, and children to a safer place and a better life. Disconcertingly, it is often criminals who help the most desperate among us when the international system turns themaway.This book is a measured attempt, born of years of research and reporting in the field, to better understand how people-smuggling networks function, the ways in which they have evolved, and what they mean for peace and security in the future.


Author Notes

Peter Tinti is an independent journalist and Senior Research Fellow at the Global Initiative Against Transnational Organised Crime. Formerly based in West Africa, his writing, reporting, and photography has appeared in The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, Foreign Policy and Vice, amongother outlets. Tuesday Reitano has been studying organized crime networks and their impact on governance, conflict and development for over twenty years, both in the UN System, and as the head of the Global Initiative Against Transnational Organised Crime, which she co-founded in 2013. She is basedin Beirut, Lebanon.


Reviews 1

Publisher's Weekly Review

In this orderly and well-argued study, journalist Tinti and organized crime expert Reitano state that smuggling networks for migrants have arisen due to a global economy in which "necessity demands movement but few legal options are available." Global mobility, they believe, has "outpaced the international community's capacity to make the necessary changes." The result is a complex market for human smuggling. This book, described as "somewhere between a work of journalism and social science," gives a detailed overview of this shadow economy, including the specifics of how migrants seeking better lives are suborned into drug smuggling and prostitution. The book is dense and fact-filled, yet full of human interest thanks to case studies of people like Esther, who hired smugglers to help her get from Nigeria to Libya and then to Spain only to find herself in servitude to human traffickers. The authors' goal is to inform readers and move official policy in a more humane direction. Part one defines terms such as refugee, migrant, asylum-seeker, smuggling, and human trafficking, and examines the mechanisms of movement. Part two looks at the smuggling operations in various countries. Syria is a focus, but so are Libya, Egypt, and Turkey. This plea for better legal options should be essential reading for policymakers. (Apr.) © Copyright PWxyz, LLC. All rights reserved.