Cover image for The analects / adapted and illustrated by C. C. Tsai ; translated by Brian Bruya ; foreword by Michael Puett.
The analects / adapted and illustrated by C. C. Tsai ; translated by Brian Bruya ; foreword by Michael Puett.
Publication Information:
Princeton, New Jersey : Princeton University Press, [2018]
Physical Description:
xv, 216 pages : black and white illustrations ; 24 cm.
General Note:
The illustrated library of Chinese classics


Call Number
Material Type
Home Location
181.112 CAI Book Adult General Collection

On Order



For the first time in one volume, The Analects illustrated by bestselling cartoonist C. C. Tsai

C. C. Tsai is one of Asia's most popular cartoonists, and his editions of the Chinese classics have sold more than 40 million copies in over twenty languages. This volume presents Tsai's delightful graphic adaptation of The Analects , one of the most influential books of all time and a work that continues to inspire countless readers today.

Tsai's expressive drawings bring Confucius and his students to life as no other edition of the Analects does. See Confucius engage his students over the question of how to become a leader worth following in a society of high culture, upward mobility, and vicious warfare. Which virtues should be cultivated, what makes for a harmonious society, and what are the important things in life? Unconcerned with religious belief but a staunch advocate of tradition, Confucius emphasizes the power of society to create sensitive, respectful, and moral individuals. In many ways, Confucius speaks directly to modern concerns--about how we can value those around us, educate the next generation, and create a world in which people are motivated to do the right thing.

A marvelous introduction to a timeless classic, this book also features an illuminating foreword by Michael Puett, coauthor of The Path: What Chinese Philosophers Can Teach Us about the Good Life . In addition, Confucius's original Chinese text is artfully presented in narrow sidebars on each page, enriching the books for readers and students of Chinese without distracting from the self-contained English-language cartoons. The text is skillfully translated by Brian Bruya, who also provides an introduction.

Author Notes

C. C. Tsai is one of East Asia's most popular illustrators. His bestselling editions of the Chinese classics have introduced generations of readers to the wisdom of such luminaries as Zhuangzi, Sunzi, and Laozi. Born in Taiwan, Tsai now lives in Hangzhou, China. Brian Bruya is professor of philosophy at Eastern Michigan University, where he teaches Chinese and comparative philosophy. He has translated many of Tsai's books into English. Michael Puett is the Walter C. Klein Professor of Chinese History at Harvard University and the coauthor of the international bestseller The Path: What Chinese Philosophers Can Teach Us about the Good Life .



from Book IV 1  The Master said, It is Goodness that gives to a neighborhood its beauty. One who is free to choose, yet does not prefer to dwell among the Good-how can he be accorded the name of wise? 2  The Master said, Without Goodness a man Cannot for long endure adversity, Cannot for long enjoy prosperity. The Good Man rests content with Goodness; he that is merely wise pursues Goodness in the belief that it pays to do so. 3,4  Of the adage "Only a Good Man knows how to like people, knows how to dislike them," the Master said, He whose heart is in the smallest degree set upon Goodness will dislike no one. 5  Wealth and rank are what every man desires; but if they can only be retained to the detriment of the Way he professes, he must relinquish them. Poverty and obscurity are what every man detests; but if they can only be avoided to the detriment of the Way he professes, he must accept them. The gentleman who ever parts company with Goodness does not fulfill that name. Never for a moment does a gentleman quit the way of Goodness. He is never so harried but that he cleaves to this; never so tottering but that he cleaves to this. Excerpted from The Analects by Confucius All rights reserved by the original copyright owners. Excerpts are provided for display purposes only and may not be reproduced, reprinted or distributed without the written permission of the publisher.

Table of Contents

Michael PuettBrian Bruya
Map of China in the Time of Confuciusp. viii
Forewordp. ix
Introductionp. xi
The Life of Confuciusp. 2
The Analectsp. 45
Pleasure and Dignityp. 46
The Root of Benevolencep. 47
Self-Critiquep. 48
Leading a Large Countryp. 49
The Fine Young Manp. 50
The Gentlemanp. 51
Virtue among the Peoplep. 52
Recognizing Othersp. 53
Like the North Starp. 54
Feeling Badp. 55
Stages of Lifep. 56
Feeling Filialp. 57
Becoming a Teacherp. 58
Words and Actionsp. 59
Non-Partisanp. 60
Study and Reflectionp. 61
The Cult Figurep. 62
True Understandingp. 63
How a Gentleman Contendsp. 64
Proper Ceremonyp. 65
The Sacrificial Goatp. 66
Sovereigns and Ministersp. 67
A Benevolent Neighborhoodp. 68
Residing in Benevolencep. 69
Liking Peoplep. 70
Mindful Benevolencep. 71
The Way in the Morningp. 72
The Way of Self-Respectp. 73
Do the Right Thingp. 74
Self-Interestp. 75
What It Takesp. 76
Understanding What's Rightp. 77
Seeing Yourself in Othersp. 78
Travelingp. 79
Careless Wordsp. 80
The Draw of Virtuep. 81
Better Than Yan Huip. 82
Zai Yu and the Filthy Wallp. 83
Shen Cheng's Infirmityp. 84
The Meaning of "Cultured"p. 85
Zichan the Gentlemanp. 86
Grudge Notp. 87
Contriving Appearancesp. 88
Wishesp. 89
Owning Upp. 90
A Town of Ten Familiesp. 91
Yan Hui's Learningp. 92
Yan Huip. 93
Peasants and Pedantsp. 94
Delight Is Bestp. 95
The Wise and the Benevolentp. 96
The Gentleman's Wayp. 97
The Secret to Benevolencep. 98
Transmitting Ideasp. 99
A Scholar's Easep. 100
A Gentleman's Worriesp. 101
Dreaming of the Duke of Zhoup. 102
The Foundation of Good Conductp. 103
Universal Educationp. 104
Teaching Good Studentsp. 105
Wealth or Enjoymentp. 106
Simple Pleasuresp. 107
Knowledge and Studyp. 108
Learning from Othersp. 109
Fair Playp. 110
Extravagance and Thriftp. 111
A Gentleman's Freedomp. 112
Dying Men Tell No Liesp. 113
The Burden of Youthp. 114
Good Students Fear Forgettingp. 115
Personal Advantage, Fate, Benevolencep. 116
The River of Timep. 117
Age and Respectp. 118
Unbreakable Willp. 119
Neverp. 120
Fire in the Stablep. 121
Spirits and Deathp. 122
Overdoing Itp. 123
Chai is Naïvep. 124
Benevolencep. 125
The Golden Rulep. 126
Brothersp. 127
The People's Trustp. 128
Supporting the Goodp. 129
Moral Leadershipp. 130
Giving Advice to Friendsp. 131
Making Friendsp. 132
Leadership from Behindp. 133
The Moral Leaderp. 134
Governing Oneself to Govern Othersp. 135
Patience and Presciencep. 136
Fan Chi Asks about Benevolencep. 137
Harmonizep. 138
A Contented Personp. 139
Working for a Corrupt Governmentp. 140
Poor without Complaintp. 141
The Complete Personp. 142
Immodest Wordsp. 143
Study for the Sake of Learningp. 144
Extravagant in Deedsp. 145
Throwing Stonesp. 146
A Good Horsep. 147
How to Treat One's Enemiesp. 148
Understanding Confuciusp. 149
Stubbornp. 150
A Wasted Lifep. 151
Conditional Servicep. 152
Misspeakingp. 153
Cultivating Benevolencep. 154
Thinking Aheadp. 155
The Difficult Onesp. 156
Judging People and Wordsp. 157
Be Thoughtfulp. 158
Patience and Discretionp. 159
Be Skepticalp. 160
The Daop. 161
The Real Transgressionp. 162
Thinking vs. Studyingp. 163
Yield to No Onep. 164
The Proper Wayp. 165
Making Friendsp. 166
Three Vicesp. 167
Natural Understandingp. 168
The Nine Considerationsp. 169
Praising Deedsp. 170
Nature vs. Nurturep. 171
The Six Defectsp. 172
The Brazen Burglarp. 173
The Hometown Banditp. 174
Gossipp. 175
The Corrupt Officialp. 176
Detestable Changesp. 177
Indirect Communicationp. 178
Play Gamesp. 179
Maids and Valetsp. 180
An Immature Fortyp. 181
Speaking Truth to Powerp. 182
Crazy Jieyup. 183
The Two Reclusesp. 184
Be Mindfulp. 187
Love of Learningp. 188
Benevolence Realizedp. 189
Earning Trustp. 190
Crossing the Linep. 191
Being an Examplep. 192
After Confuciusp. 193
The Students of Confuciusp. 199
Yan Huip. 201
Min Sunp. 202
Ran Yongp. 203
Zhong Youp. 204
Zai Yup. 205
Duanmu Sip. 206
Bu Shangp. 207
Tantai Miemingp. 208
Zeng Shenp. 209
You Ruop. 210
Nangong Kuop. 211
Gongxi Chip. 212
Pronunciation Indexp. 213